Equalizers explained – Introduction
There are various types of EQ’s. We’ll have a look at them and explain how to work with them in this tutorial. Let’s start with a video.
An equalizer is basically just a volume knob, but one that only works on a specific frequency. You can use it to boost frequencies you want to hear and cut frequencies you don’t want to hear.
Personally, I think an EQ is one of the most versatile mix-tools. Because with an EQ you can give everything its ‘own place’ in the stereo field.
As mentioned before, I always try to mix in ‘3D’. So for example I try to make it sound like the singer is right in front of you and the band is playing just behind that singer.
An EQ helps a great deal to achieve that effect. Because one of the ‘hints’ for our brain to determine whether something is close to us or far away is the amount of mid and high frequencies we hear. So if you want something to sound a little more up-front in the mix, you can add some mids and highs (and turn up the volume of that track a bit). Or you can turn those frequencies down (and lower the volume) if you want something to sound like it is a little more in the back.
So in the video we use a parametric EQ. But that’s not the only type of EQ there is. Let’s have a look at some of the other flavours!